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What is a Tech Stack? How to Quickly Select the Right One?

What is a Tech Stack? How to Select the Right One?

Are you wondering about what is a tech stack and how to select the right one? Here we’ve mentioned all the necessary details that you need to know about this topic.

Technology is the backbone of any business. It helps businesses run efficiently and effectively. When it comes to technology, two crucial decisions need to be made: what technology to use and who should manage it. In this blog post, we will discuss a tech stack with all its specifications and, most importantly, how to select the right one for your business.

So, without further ado, let’s explore this interesting information about the technology stack.

What is a Tech Stack?

A tech stack can be defined as a collection of technologies used to build and run an application or project. It mainly includes the operating system, programming languages, APIs, web servers, database systems, and other technologies needed to create and maintain a website or application. When selecting a tech stack for your business, it is crucial to consider the needs of your business and the features of each technology.

Moreover, it must be compatible with the other systems that your business uses, such as the accounting system, customer relationship management (CRM) system, and an e-commerce platform. Similarly, the stack must be able to scale with the growth of your business.

 The technology stacks can be divided into front-end and back—end, which is known as full-stack. 

Let’s understand these two parts in detail.

Technology Stack for Front-End:

The front-end is the part of the technology stack that users interact with and see. It includes the user interface (UI), graphics, style sheets, and scripts. The main programming languages for front-end development are HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. These languages must be compatible with the web browsers to view the website or application.

The front-end stack basically comprises three things — HTML, CSS, and JavaScript:

Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)

HTML is the primary markup language for creating web pages. It defines the structure and content of a web page.

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)

 Primarily, CSS is used to style the HTML elements on a web page. It controls the layout, color, fonts, and other aspects of the appearance of a web page.

JavaScript

 JavaScript is a scripting language used to add interactivity to web pages. It can also assist in controlling the behavior of HTML elements, making AJAX requests, and creating animations.

Technology Stack for Back-End

The back-end is the part of the technology stack that handles the business logic and interacts with the database. It includes the web server, programming languages, and database. The main programming languages for back-end development are Java, PHP, Python, Ruby on Rails, and Node.js. These languages must be compatible with the web server used to host the website or application.

The back-end stack comprises three things — web server, application server, and database:

Web Server

A web server is a program that runs on a computer and delivers web pages to the users. It accepts requests from the users’ web browsers and serves the requested pages. Today the most popular web servers are Apache and Nginx.

The collection of all these programming languages, database frameworks, and servers used to develop an application is a technology stack. You might have heard about LAMP (Linux-Apache-MySQL- PHP), MEAN(MongoDB Express Edition), or MERN – these are just some of the most popular stacks today.

Programming Languages

In most simple words, a programming language is a set of rules that define how a computer should interpret and execute instructions. There are many different programming languages, but some of the most popular ones for back-end development are Java, PHP, and Python.

JavaScript: JavaScript is a programming language mainly employed for front-end development. It can also be used for back-end development, but it is not as popular as Java, PHP, and Python.

 PHP: It is a popular programming language for back-end development. It is a server-side scripting language used to create dynamic web pages. Some of the prevalent PHP frameworks are Laravel, CodeIgniter, and CakePHP.

Python: Python is another popular programming language for back-end development. It is a universal language used for scripting, data analysis, and web development. Some of the popular Python frameworks are Django, Flask, and Pyramid.

Database

A database is a collection of organized data in a specific way. A database uses to store the data for an application, such as the users of an application, the products sold by a company, or the transactions processed by a business.

There are many different types of databases, but some of the most common ones for back-end development are MySQL, MongoDB, and PostgreSQL.

MySQL: MySQL is a popular database for back-end development. It is a relational database utilized to store the data for web applications. It is open-source software and is free to use.

MongoDB: MongoDB is a popular database for back-end development. A NoSQL database stores the data in JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) format. It is a document-oriented database and is free to use.

PostgreSQL: PostgreSQL is a popular database for back-end development. It is a relational database that stores the data in XML (Extensible Markup Language) format. It is open-source software and is free to use.

How to Select a Right Tech Stack?

The first step before selecting the right tech stack is to understand the type and requirements of the application. The application will determine the programming languages, database, and web server that need to be operated according to the requirements. Also, the budget and time constraints are significant to consider while selecting the right tech stack.

Once the requirements are known, the next step is to research the different available technology stacks and select the one that best suits the application’s needs. The final step is to learn how to use the selected stack and develop the application.

Here are some most important factors you should consider when selecting a tech stack for your business:

Need of your business or Project

The very first thing is to decide what’re you in need of technology. Your stack is already determined if you have an existing business and want to develop software. But if you are starting a new project or business, then there are a few points that you should choose before moving forward:

  • What type of software do I need? (Web app, Mobile app, Etc)
  • What type of users am I targeting? (Consumer, Businesses, Etc)
  • Do I need any specific integrations with other systems?

Generally, simple projects need a basic technology stack, while complex projects need a more advanced technology stack that can fulfil all the needs of the business or project.

Project’s Timeframe

The second important thing is how much time you want to dedicate to this project. If you have more time, you can go for a more complex technology stack that will give you more features and customizability. But if you are short on time, you should go for a simple and easy-to-use technology stack that will be less time-consuming to learn and use. 

It would help if you considered some things while selecting the stack compatible with your Project’s Timeframe.

Third-party integration

Easy third-party integrations are something for you if you look for a technology stack that provides more out-of-the-box features. Many of these technologies have a large community of developers who have built many libraries and frameworks that you can use to create the required components for the application quickly.

To make the development process faster and more efficient, you can get help from these ready-made third-party solutions instead of building your own from scratch. If the quick time for market availability matters most in your case, integrating modules can help you achieve your desired results by giving diverse options. When picking out frameworks or other technology used within an application, check all aspects before making final decisions.

Resources availability

Another important factor when selecting a technology stack is the availability of resources. If you are not familiar with a particular technology, it won’t be easy to find resources that can help you with the development process.

It will be convenient for you to select technology with a large community of developers who can assist you with the development process if you get stuck anywhere. It should also have many online resources and tutorials to give you extra support in the development process.

Documentation and community support

The documentation and community support quality is also noteworthy to consider while selecting a technology stack. The documentation should be easy to understand and should cover all its features. Community support should be active and help resolve any issues you may face while using the technology stack.

Budget & Cost

The next thing to keep in mind is your budget constraints. The more complex the technology stack, the more it will cost you. You need to find the right balance between your budget and the features you need for your project. Selecting a stack within your budget constraints with all the features you need for your project will save you from future complications.

Technology Trends

The tech stack you select should align with the current technology trends. Finding developers and content familiar with that knowledge will be challenging for you if you choose a technology that is no longer in trend.

Project’s Scalability

Scalability is the most critical factor for any business. Your project should be able to scale as your business grows. It should be able to handle the increasing load and not cause any performance issues; otherwise, it will be a hurdle in your growth.

Are you looking to scale up your business read our 5 Best Marketing Strategies To Grow Your Online Sales

Conclusion

It would be best to consider mentioned factors while selecting a technology stack for your project. The most important factors are the need of your business or project, the timeframe of the project, and the availability of resources. Keep your budget constraints in your mind while selecting a technology stack. Choosing a technology stack in line with the current technology trends is vital and provides all the features you need for your project.

Do you want to learn more about technology read our What Is Data Scraping? How To Automatically Pull Data From A Website?

What do you think?

Written by Fariha Arif

Fariha Arif is a passionate blog writer and loves to write diversified content. She prefers to read novels, browsing the Internet, and traveling in her spare time.

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